How to Clean Handgun


Your handgun is a reliable weapon that can be used during the most intense situations. Not only will it help you defend yourself during an emergency, it may even save your life. If that isn’t enough reason to appreciate your gun, you can also use it for recreational purposes. If you like shooting as a hobby, then you would know how precious your handgun is.

For these reasons, you will have to take care of your weapon as much as possible. You don’t want it breaking down and failing you during those critical moments of danger. You also don’t want a broken gun to ruin your weekend of recreational shooting.

These handguns are useful and reliable, but only if you keep them in top condition. Proper handgun maintenance is essential to any weapon’s longevity.

This is just to remind you that it is important to clean handgun every so often. For recreational guns, they must be cleaned and lubricated after every use. Meanwhile, defensive handguns must have a strict cleaning schedule because you can never tell when you’ll need it to protect yourself.

On this article we will teach you exactly how to clean handgun, how to keep your handgun dry and free from debris.

How to Clean Handgun: Preparation

If you are planning to clean your precious weapon, you will need to prepare a few things first. A standard gun cleaning kit usually includes a solvent (for preventing lead and powder fouling), a bore brush, a patch holder and patches, as well as a cleaning rod. You may or may not need a few more items, but this all depends on the kind of handgun you are holding.

Familiarize yourself with your weapon and find out what other tools you are going to need before you can clean it. Handguns usually come with manuals that will show you how to disassemble them in a process called field stripping. There’s really no need to break it open because you are only there to clean the insides and not repair it. If you don’t have a manual, try checking online reviews involving your specific weapon. Prepare the tools as necessary.

Next, you must work in a well-ventilated area. Take note that some of the chemicals used for cleaning guns are toxic, so you don’t want that spreading around your home. Find a more suitable spot if you are too close to your house.

This is an optional step, but you can place a trash bag and several layers of newspaper over the table that you are working on, so you can just tie it up and throw away after the cleaning process. This is to easily get rid of the toxic chemicals that may drip down as you work. You can also use protective gloves and safety glasses for added safety.

Upon reviewing the manual on how to disassemble the gun, you may begin the cleaning process. Make sure that the gun is unloaded and pointed in a safe direction before you start cleaning. You don’t want to fall victim to your very own trusted weapon. And accidents while cleaning a handgun are all too common nowadays.

Cleaning Your Handgun

Clean a Gun. How to Clean HandgunThe interior of the barrel is one of the most difficult parts to clean, as well as the most important part to clean properly. You can clean this by attaching a bore brush to the cleaning rod. Apply some solvent onto the brush and push it back and forth through the bore several times. Add more solvent as you work so that all the debris within will be removed.

After this, remove the bore brush from the cleaning rod and attach a patch holder. Upon attaching a patch, you may run it into the barrel and pull it out. Repeat this a few more times until the patches come out clean. When the barrel is clean, you can run a clean patch treated with some gun oil that will serve as a lubricant to prevent rifling from moisture.

This part of the cleaning process may vary, depending on what handgun you have. For semi-autos, this is only done once. For revolvers, you have to do it for the long barrel, as well as each of the five or six short barrels known as chambers in the cylinder.

As for the rest of the handgun, you can use the nylon brush treated with some solvent to scrub the other parts of the gun. Use rags to wipe off the solvent as well as the residue. A good trick to keep in mind is that if something looks dirty, clean it thoroughly. Chances are that part is actually dirty and may cause problems for your handgun in the future.

Remember that you don’t have to get your gun completely wet with solvent because a little can go a long way. Usually, if you rub an area of the gun with clean cloth and it comes out looking smudged, then you will have to do more cleaning. The amount of dirt your gun has is determined by how often you used it.

Make sure to wipe your handgun clean of all solvents before applying the lubricants. You must not forget to lubricate every part that needs to be lubricated. Depending on the make and model, these spots may differ widely. Your manual should be a helpful guide on which parts you should keep lubricated.

For example, revolvers don’t need a lot of lubrication. Single-action guns on the other hand require some on the cylinder pin and ratchet. The key is to never ‘over-lubricate’ because this will only invite the possibility of fouling.

Once you’ve followed all of these steps, all there is left to do is to reassemble the thing. You can also cycle the action a few times to spread lubricant evenly, as well as wipe off anything that oozes out of the joints.

Lastly, you can tie up the trash bag you prepared and throw it away. Clean your working station and lock your gun up in a safe place. Don’t forget to wash your hands with soap and water after the cleaning process.

How to Clean Handgun: Conclusion

Handguns offer safety and protection. The ones being produced right now are high quality weapons that only need to be maintained in order to serve you for years. If you keep doing this regularly, you should be able to enjoy its service for a very long time.

Take care of your handgun regularly, and it will take care of you in times of urgent need.

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